Sukhum (Akua in Abkhaz)
242 826 (2011)
Abkhaz, Russian, Armenian, Megrelian, Georgian
Orthodox Christianity, Traditional Islam.
Abkhaz, Armenians, Russians, Georgians, Megrelians, Greeks. Places of great symbolic importance
Abkhazia is situated along the eastern coast of the Black Sea, bordering Russia in the West and the North along the Great Caucasus Range and Georgia in the East. Abkhazia is divided into seven administrative districts: Gagra, Gudauta, Sukhum, Ochamchyra, Gulripsh, Tquarchal and Gal. The capital city is Sukhum (Aqua in Abkhazian).
Abkhazia has unique natural and climatic conditions. Its climate is warm, mild and humid due to its proximity to the sea. There are about 200-220 sunny days per year. The weather is moderately hot in summer – around +27, +28 C, the temperature of the sea reaches +28 C. There are abundance of ecologically clean sweet water, a lot of healing springs, hot mineral springs, mountain rivers and lakes.
According to the 2011 census, there are 240 705 people residing in Abkhazia, of whom approximately 51% are ethnic Abkhazians, 20% Georgian and Megrelians, 18% Armenians, 9% Russians, less than 1% Greeks, and the others.
Abkhaz is an official state language. Russian language is used as means of inter-ethnic communication. Armenian and Georgian are also common. In the district of Gal, Georgian is more prevalent where there is a higher Georgian population.
The Abkhaz ethnic culture is rich in traditions, preserving to the present day quite a few archaic elements whose origins ante-date the Christian era.
The fundamental constructive moral-ethical element in Abkhazian national culture is the concept of'Apswara, or 'Abkhazianness' - 'Abkhazian view of the world', 'Abkhazian ideology'.
Abkhazia had a highly diverse demography with many Turks, Armenians, Jews, and Greeks, among others.
The majority of Abkhazians are Orthodox Christians. There are also some population of Sunni Muslims, and a there is small number of Jews, Lutherans, Catholics and followers of new religions.
Bagrat Shinkuba - Writer, poet, historian, linguist and politician
Alexandr Chachba - Painter
Fazil Iskander - Writer
Murat Yagan - Philosopher, national leader
Khibla Gerzmava - Opera singer
Denis Tsargush - Free-style Wrestling World and Europe champion
Alan Palavandzia - Shotokan-style Karate World champion
Akhra Tsveiba - Football player